Version 2
Benjamin Kiesewetter (PI)

I am Professor of Practical Philosophy at Bielefeld University. As Principal Investigator of this project, I participate in all four subprojects, but my current focus is on deontically normative notions (subproject 2). Besides my interest in the theory of normativity, I also work on questions in political philosophy, ethical theory and applied ethics. I obtained my doctorate from Humboldt University Berlin (2014). Before coming to Bielefeld, I held positions and scholarships at HU Berlin, UC Berkeley, Di Tella University Buenos Aires, ANU Canberra, University of Hamburg, TU Dresden and FU Berlin. You can read more about my work on my personal website.


Shane Ward (Postdoctoral Researcher)

I am currently a postdoctoral researcher on the project. My general research interests are in ethics, metaethics, and epistemology. I have broad interests in all four subprojects, but my current research focuses on the relationship between reasons and deontic concepts (subproject 2) and on whether normative reasons can be analyzed in terms of explanatory reasons. I received my PhD from the University of Southern California.


Marius Meyer zu Knolle (Doctoral Researcher)

I received a six-month scholarship from project funds to prepare my dissertation project on the intersection between traditional decision theory and recent philosophical work on normative reasons. My focus lies on issues arising from the fusion of the two types of theory. In addition to meta-ethics and epistemology, I am interested in the philosophy of mind, especially models of self-consciousness and personal identity.

Marie Wegener (Doctoral Researcher)

I am a doctoral researcher of the project. My philosophical interests
are metaethics, philosophy of emotions, philosophy of language, applied
ethics and Wittgenstein. While I am interested in all four subprojects,
my current research focuses on the relation between practical reasons
and value (subproject 1), and explores whether there might be a
plausible unified indirect-value-based theory of practical reason. I
studied at Bielefeld University and Uppsala University.

Affiliated Members

Dmitry Ananiev

I am a postdoctoral researcher in practical philosophy at Bielefeld University. My research interests are in normative ethics, metaethics, and political philosophy. My current work focuses on imperfect moral rights, the nature of obligatory ends, and the epistemic condition on moral responsibility. Prior to joining Bielefeld University, I defended my PhD dissertation at the London School of Economics (LSE). You can find more information about my work on my personal website.

Alexander (Sasha) Arridge

I am a DPhil student at St Anne’s College, Oxford and a Lecturer in Philosophy at Magdalen College, Oxford. I am visiting doctoral student of the “Structure of Normativity” project from September 2023 to March 2024. My primary research interests lie at the intersection of practical rationality and the metaphysics of value and reasons. Outside of meta-ethics I have various interests in normative and practical ethics, including in environmental ethics and Aristotle’s ethics. I am also a research assistant for the ERC project “Protecting Minds: The Right to Mental Integrity and The Ethics of Arational Influence”.


Singa Behrens

I am a post-doctoral research assistant and lecturer at Bielefeld University. My current research focuses on metaethics, metaphysics, and normativity. I obtained my PhD from the University of Hamburg in 2023 with a dissertation on logical and metaphysical interpretations of the is-ought gap. Before I came to Bielefeld, I have worked as a doctoral researcher in the Emmy Noether project on relevance in Hamburg. You can read more about my work on my personal website.


Daniele Bruno

I am a post-doctoral researcher at Humboldt University Berlin and associated member of the group. From April to September 2024, I will take up a position as visiting professor at the University of Bielefeld, replacing Benjamin Kiesewetter during a research leave. My research interests lie primarily at the intersection of normative ethics and metaethics. I obtained my PhD from Humboldt University in 2021 with a dissertation on promissory normativity. My current research project, funded by the DFG, investigates the ways in which our epistemic limitations affect both what we are required to do and what we can be held responsible for. You can read more about my work on my personal website.


Cooperation partners

ERC Grant “The Structure of Normativity”

Prof. Dr. Benjamin Kiesewetter
Chair of Practical Philosophy
Department of Philosophy

Bielefeld University
P/O 100131, 33501 Bielefeld
Email: normativity(at)uni-bielefeld(dot)de

Design & Development: Studio Nina Reisinger